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When Biking is a Way of Life

In hoIMG_0561nor of National Bike Month in the US, I will share my experience in Playa Del Coco in Costa Rica. As a transportation nerd, I spent part of my vacation observing how people move through the main street.  How people move would give most traditional traffic engineers a mild heart attack. There are very few rules of the road, but at the same time it was an organic chaos where everything seems to work. The thing that I found myself observing the most was the bike culture.

In Playa Del Coco, biking is a way of life. All day and night long people bike on the main street. Here are some takeaways and photos from what I observed:

  1. IMG_0631No one wears a helmet. I did not see a single person wear a helmet while biking. I also did not see any crashes. Perhaps given the volume of people biking, motorists know to look out for bicyclists. This would support the findings of a study from University of Colorado Denver that concluded the safety of people biking increases with more bikes on the road.
  2. Woman Power! Anecdotally, most of the people that I saw biking were women and girls. Many of these women and girls biked around with small children. A few had bike seats for the children, however, the majority of children were sitting on a back rack meant for a pannier or the top tube.
  3. IMG_0629Tandems not required. It is not uncommon to see two adults on a bicycle built for one person. As a child, I remember riding around with my cousins on handlebars or seats. However, until my experience on Costa Rica, I had never seen two adults on a bike.
  4. Feet to the left. Whether it was adults or children, most “passengers” sit on the top tube of the bike with their feet to the left. Perhaps since most people have their children sit that way, it is a habit that carries into adulthood.
  5. Take your time. Compared to people biking in the District, people in Costa Rica biking for transportation bike slowly. Most of the bikes were beach cruisers that do not lend themselves to Tour de France-esque biking. In addition, the culture has a slower pace than urban areas in DC, which likely plays into the slower biking culture.
  6. Bike Lock Optional. One thing we can file under, “I wouldn’t believe it if I hadn’t seen it,” is people in Playa del Coco rarely lock their bikes. They leave their bike on the bike rack or leaning against a building or street post. Some people lock their bikes, but it is rare.

Often time planners in the US look to Europe for examples of bike culture as seen in the growing popularity of protected bike lanes. My experience in Costa Rica has shown me planners should consider lessons from other parts of the world including Latin American.

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Veronica O. Davis, PE is a transportation guru who uses her knowledge to spark progressive social change. As Co-owner and Principal of Nspiregreen, she is also responsible for the management of the major urban planning functions such as transportation planning, policy development, master planning, sustainability analysis, and long range planning. In July 2012, Veronica was recognized as a Champion of Change by the White House for her professional accomplishments and community advocacy, which includes co-founding Black Women Bike.

Transportation Safety- When It Means More Than Crashes

Public transportation is a way of life for many people around the globe. Both men and women use it to get to their destinations; however, the sexes do not face the same challenges on their daily commutes. In this realm of transportation, women lack a sense of safety and right to personal space. Women both in the US and internationally face sexual harassment, stalking, and assaults while riding public transportation. Personal safety on public transportation must be taken seriously and considered as part of the planning phase in order to reach the ridership goals of transportation plans.

I have faced this harsh reality time and time again as I walk the sidewalks or ride public transportation in Washington, DC. For example, while 7 months pregnant and riding a bus a man sitting next to me rattled off threats and insults, tried to show me a picture on his phone, and, at one point, threatened my life. There were people all around me, male and female, all within earshot and no one did anything. I remember thinking, “Am I the only one who hears this? Am I imagining this? Why won’t anyone help me?” For a split second, I wondered what I might have done to provoke such an action, but quickly pushed it out of my mind. I hadn’t done anything wrong. All I did was take a seat on the bus. This incident shook me to my core and made me rethink public transportation. A brave friend of mine loudly called out her harasser on a train full of commuters after she was groped on the New York City Subway. Public transportation is for all and no one should have to deal with harassment when commuting.

Unfortunately, these types of instances play out regularly for women on transit. Millions of women around the world have experienced some form of harassment or sexual assault while riding public transportation or merely existing in public space. This is also not a new problem. In a 2000 study, it was estimated that 87% of women have experienced some sort of street harassment, with over half reporting extreme harassment such as being groped, touched, rubbed, or other unwanted contact including being followed. For women that have experienced harassment, 84% internalized the harassment and reported having changed their actions to avoid these situations in the future. In other western societies like London, 43% of young women (ages 18-34) reported having experienced sexual harassment in public spaces over the past year alone.

Women in large international cities also report experiencing harassment or assaults in their daily commutes. Bogota, the long-heralded model for effective public transit, is reported as one of the most dangerous for women. Beijing, Dehli, and Kathmandu all have high rates of harassment and assaults on public transit. Each have attempted to implement gender-segregated train cars or vehicles as a solution, however, all of these alleged transportation solutions put the burden of safety solely on women.

In the already-crowded transit systems in such large cities, enforcement can be difficult and the limited availability of these modes and cars can extend commutes for women or worse, make them targets in general boarding areas. Furthermore, gender segregation on transit does not address the deep-seated, but painfully apparent societal issues that allow this harassment and assault to persist. Even after implementation of these solutions, many of these cities still experience the highest rates of sexual harassment on public transportation. A continued lack of safety causes some women to reconsider or avoid public transportation altogether seeking other, more protective, options. Solutions to these issues are also nuanced- no intersection redesign or traffic calming principles will solve these issues. It is this very aspect of the problem that makes them challenging but critical for transportation agencies to address.

See part 2 of this blog here discussing the beginning steps to address these issues.

Christine E. Mayeur is an urban planner with a unique set of skills and interests. She has been called a “renaissance woman” by her coworkers and is interested in all things creative and challenging. Christine uses her history of working with communities through grass-roots organizations along with her planning skills to help plan transportation systems that meet the needs of all users. 





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